Some forests in other regions are certified as “sustainable” through forest certification programs. These programs have specific forest management criteria that owners and managers must achieve and adhere to on their forest lands to be certified as sustainable. Certification involves third party review of forest management plans, auditing of forest management activities, and chain of custody tracking of forest products.
Historically in the US only private and some state lands have been certified, with no federal land certification. Recently the Department of Defense has begun to certify some of their holdings, and the Department of Agriculture selected five national forests as pilots for certification. Currently, the only opportunities for certification in Southeast Alaska are on private or state lands. There are currently no certified forests in Alaska.
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has two certification programs for North America. One program certifies forests in the United States and the other is specific to Canada. The primary difference between the two programs is how old growth management is addressed. The United States program allows no old growth harvest on a certified forest. The Canadian program includes standards and guidelines for sustained management and harvest of old growth.
The Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) is a forest industry led certification program that also certifies forest lands.